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保持饥饿,保持愚蠢!Stay hungry, stay foolish!

朱白水来自:陕西省 延安市 宝塔区 时间:2018-09-06 18:21 影响: 68人

Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish 到底该如何翻译?

直接给出观点,几种翻译都对,适合不同的场景和人群。然后开始解释。

2005 年,Steve Jobs 在 Stanford 毕业典礼上演讲,最后送给了在场的年轻人一句「Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.」这个演讲后来被广为流传,,有些人把这句话翻译为「求知若饥,虚心若愚」,后来这个翻译也被很多人诟病。批评的观点如下:

什么叫 Hungry?


美国人不会用 hungry 来形容对于知识的追求。对知识,他们用的是「好奇」(curious)这个词。一个求知若渴的人,叫做「intellectually curious」或是「eager to learn」,但绝对不会是「intellectually hungry」,也极少是「hungry to learn」。用到hungry的时候,针对的「成功」,也就是「hungry for success」。所以 Steve Jobs 的「Stay Hungry」,根本不是叫你去求「知」的意思,他真正想说的,是要你去不停的寻找成功,永远不知道满足。为什么?因为创业者最常犯的错误,除了做出没人要的东西之外,就是太快满足于初期的成功,接着开始以为自己是神,再也不会失败。回头看 Steve Jobs,过去 14 年来,他像一头肌饿的猛兽,永远不会满足,Mac、iPod、iPhone、iPad 一招接一招,不停直捣对手的心脏,如果不是因为健康状况,他大概永远没有停歇的一天,这,就是 hungry。

什么叫 Foolish?

美国人也不会用foolish 来形容虚心,虚心叫做「humble」、叫做「be a good listener」、叫做「be open to new ideas」。而 fool,根本不是「虚心的人」,fool 是「笨蛋」的意思。

「You gotta be a fool to believe that will work.」(你一定是个白痴才会相信那东西会成功)是所有的创业者最常听到的,而Steve Jobs想告诉你的,就是别理他们,继续当你的傻瓜。因为要创新,你就注定要在众人的误会中孤独的前进。

按照这个观点Steve Jobs在standFord的校园里所讲 的 Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish. 翻译成中文 无疑应该是功成不息,坚守痴心 或者永不知足,我行我素,弄个再悲壮一点的也可以是这个“功成不息 至死方休”。这三个翻译是一个意思。

那么真的是只有这一个意思吗?是从哪里摘抄的此金句?原创者是如何诠释的?

乔布斯的记下三十多年的这两句话来自他最喜欢的《全球概览》上一幅画的题目,它是一副清晨乡间小路的照片,鼓励人去冒险,让人觉得它是一个人搭便车旅行时看到的场景。

我们看European杂志参访地球概览的创始人布兰特,而布兰特怎么说的?

问: 你提到了关于惊讶和惊喜这样的看法。记得在1974年的《地球概览》杂志的背后有这样一句话:“Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.“跟你刚才说的很像。是什么意思呢?


布兰特:它的意思是,你需要有像初学者那样的心态去看待新事物。我们需要自信以及好奇心的结合。那是根植于我们天性之深处的一种机会主义(opportunism),并且这是一种乐观的心态。到现在为止,我还没有因为我的愚蠢而死呢。我们还是继续发扬这种精神吧,让我们一起来冒险。这句话说的是,我们的知识永远都是不够的,并且我们需要因此而做点什么。有了这样的心态,你就会打开你的心智,去进行探索。

布兰特的Stay hungry Stay foolish释义,其实很清楚,非常接近“求知若饥,虚心若愚”。再认真想想,不得不佩服原创了这一金句的那位,当然他可能是布兰特,也可能不是,现在估计很难知道了。没错,一语多义,在不同的语境和场景中,多种含义。'Stay hungry. “可以有两个意思,是指保持一种状态,对于未知事物的好奇心,像一个冒险者,航海者,旅行者那样去看到不一样的美丽风景(牛掰如乔布斯着);也是指年轻人(涉世未深的少年)不要轻易地自我满足,要去追求更上一层楼般的成功,而不会固步自封,被轻易超越。“Stay foolish.”的意思是面对外面世界人们各种各样的说法,你要保持自己内心深处的定见(雷军?),但也要面对这个世界有敬畏之心,知道了解自己看法的不足,从而不会自以为是(贾跃亭?)

牛吧?

其实这个伟大金句的来源,和美国惟以立国的清教徒精神是一脉相承的。16世纪,英国人丁道尔(William Tyndale)把新约圣经翻译成英文,据说他是英国的第一位清教徒。早期清教徒希望完全按照圣经的原则生活,顺服圣经的教导可说是他们的首要任务。如丁道尔的目标就是让英国每位识字的人都拥有一本圣经。历史上,将在英国的新教徒,那些信奉加尔文教义、不满英国国教教义的人称为清教徒。宗教改革是促使人类现代文明发展的根源所在,将欧洲从天主教黑暗神学禁锢下解放出来,重新回到一世纪使徒时代,回归圣经本源,其实17世纪英国资产阶级革命更准确地应该称为“清教徒革命”。而由于英国的宗教迫害,大部分清教徒都逃亡到了美国,在祷告中看见神的应许,要在荒芜陌生的北美大地建立起一座“山上之城”。 

 清教徒并不是一种派别,而是一种态度,一种倾向,一种价值观或者是一种生活方式,他们主张简单、实在、在神面前人人平等的信徒生活。美国的清教徒正是怀着这样一种使命感、神圣感在创业,将在美国的开拓疆土、扩大产业、增加财富视为天职;同时也努力过着一种圣洁、公义的生活,他们将自己的一切活动都神圣化。因此为美国人立下了伟大的产业和基业,为美国发展市场经济立下了典范和原动力。

原来是传承有序,才有了这一句。那么和这一句有关的类似金句还有些神马呢?

致虚极 守静笃 (道德经)

如果你不忙着求生,你就在忙着求死 (If you're not busy being born, you're busy dying)

永远年轻,永远热泪盈眶 (凯鲁亚克)

勇踏前人未至之境  (To boldly go where no man has gone before)

Steve Jobs 于2005年6月12号在斯坦福大学的毕业典礼上面的演讲,主要谈及了他人生中的三点感悟:因果、得失、死亡。最后以 “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.”总结。十年之后再看他当年的演讲视频,仍觉得感概万分。

寻找自己所爱的工作,并将它作为毕生奋斗的事业!

关于“因果”

Jobs 在提及其当年退学的原因,一方面是因为考虑到自己的父母无力承担大学的学费,另一方面他不知道大学能否帮助他找到生命的价值。

退学之后,Jobs 终于可以不去读那些对他来说是无聊的课程,而去旁听了一些有意思的课程,比如美术字课程。而正是这个课程,让他学会了字体之美。虽然再当时,他并不知道这个课程对他未来有什么实际作用,但是十年之后,当他在设计第一台 Mac 电脑时,他的字体设计功底全部用上了。那是第一台使用了漂亮的印刷字体的电脑,连微软都竞相模仿。

如果当时他没有退学, 就不会有机会去参加这个美术字课程, Mac 就不会有这么多丰富的字体,以及赏心悦目的字体间距。所以,今日之因明日之果。今天的努力,一定会在未来的某一天得到回报

关于“得失”

Jobs 在三十岁的时候, 被自己创建的 Apple 公司给炒鱿鱼了。最初的几个月里,他也不知道该做些什么,感觉沮丧。后来,他发觉他仍然钟爱他从事的这些东西,所以他决定从头再来。在接下来的五年里, 他创立了 NeXT、Pixar 公司,并结识了他的妻子。Apple 收购了 NeXT, 然后他又回到了 Apple 公司。

有些时候, 生活会拿起一块砖头向你的脑袋上猛拍一下。不要失去信心,只有相信自己所做的是伟大的工作, 你才能怡然自得。

关于“死亡”

把每一天都当作生命中最后一天去生活,可以帮你指明生命中重要的选择。因为几乎所有的事情, 包括所有的荣誉、所有的骄傲、所有对难堪和失败的恐惧,这些在死亡面前都会消失。你应该选择留下的是真正重要的东西。

把每一天都当作生命中最后一天去生活。

总结

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish

“Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.”(虚心若渴,求知若愚)

人生道路,因为一无所知所以具有探索性,挑战性。不变初心,无论何时都要保持对人生的探索欲。

寻找自己所爱的工作,并将它作为毕生奋斗的事业!

好,就到这里了,最后留个彩蛋作业:Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish跟冯诺依曼计算机结构有关系吗?如何来映射CAS(中国演讲好声音)主张的“美好人生,需要输入和输出的均衡”呢?

直接给答案吧:美好人生,关于输入和输出,就是求知若饥,虚心若愚;就是功成不息,坚守痴心,就是输入带宽一定要宽,输出效率一定要高。

晚餐愉快!

 

以下为乔布斯演讲原文摘选:

谢谢大家。很荣幸能和你们,来自世界最好大学之一的毕业生们,一块儿参加毕业典礼。老实说,我大学没有毕业,今天恐怕是我一生中离大学毕业最近的一次了。 为何我要选择退学呢?这还得从我出生之前说起。我的生母是一个年轻、未婚的大学毕业生,她决定让别人收养我。她有一个很强烈的信仰,认为我应该被一个大学毕业生家庭收养。于是,一对律师夫妇说好了要领养我,然而最后一秒钟,他们改变了主意,决定要个女孩儿。然后我排在收养人名单中的养父母在一个深夜接到电话,“很意外,我们多了一个男婴,你们要吗?”“当然要!”但是我的生母后来又发现我的养母没有大学毕业,养父连高中都没有毕业。

这是我生命的开端。十七年后,我上大学了,但是我很无知地选了一所差不多和斯坦福一样贵的学校,几乎花掉我那蓝领阶层养父母一生的积蓄。六个月后,我觉得不值得。我看不出自己以后要做什么,也不晓得大学会怎样帮我指点迷津,而我却在花销父母一生的积蓄。所以我决定退学,并且相信没有做错。一开始非常吓人,但回忆起来,这却是我一生中作的最好的决定之一。从我退学的那一刻起,我可以停止一切不感兴趣的必修课,开始旁听那些有意思得多的课。

事情并不那么美好。我没有宿舍可住,睡在朋友房间的地上。为了吃饭,我收集五分一个的旧可乐瓶,每个星期天晚上步行七英里到哈尔-克里什纳庙里改善一下一周的伙食。我喜欢这种生活方式。能够遵循自己的好奇和直觉前行后来被证明是多么的珍贵。让我来给你们举个例子吧。

当时的里德大学提供可能是全国最好的书法指导。校园中每一张海报,抽屉上的每一张标签,都是漂亮的手写体。由于我已退学,不用修那些必修课,我决定选一门书法课上上。在这门课上,我学会了“serif”和"sans-serif"两种字体、学会了怎样在不同的字母组合中改变字间距、学会了怎样写出好的字来。这是一种科学无法捕捉的微妙,楚楚动人、充满历史底蕴和艺术性,我觉得自己被完全吸引了。

当时我并不指望书法在以后的生活中能有什么实用价值。但是,十年之后,我们在设计第一台 Macintosh计算机时,它一下子浮现在我眼前。于是,我们把这些东西全都设计进了计算机中。这是第一台有这么漂亮的文字版式的计算机。要不是我当初在大学里偶然选了这么一门课,Macintosh计算机绝不会有那么多种印刷字体或间距安排合理的字号。要不是Windows照搬了 Macintosh,个人电脑可能不会有这些字体和字号。

要不是退了学,我决不会碰巧选了这门书法课,个人电脑也可能不会有现在这些漂亮的版式了。

当然,我在大学里不可能从这一点上看到它与将来的关系。十年之后再回头看,两者之间关系就非常、非常清楚了。你们同样不可能从现在这个点上看到将来;只有回头看时,才会发现它们之间的关系。所以你必须相信,那些点点滴滴,会在你未来的生命里,以某种方式串联起来。你必须相信一些东西——你的勇气、宿命、生活、因缘,随便什么——因为相信这些点滴能够一路连接会给你带来循从本觉的自信,它使你远离平凡,变得与众不同。

第二个故事是关于爱与失的。我很幸运,很早就发现自己喜欢做的事情。我二十岁的时候就和沃茨在父母的车库里开创了苹果公司。我们工作得很努力,十年后,苹果公司成长为拥有四千名员工,价值二十亿的大公司。我们刚刚推出了最好的创意,Macintosh操作系统,在这之前的一年,也就是我刚过三十岁,我被解雇了。你怎么可能被一个亲手创立的公司解雇?事情是这样的,在公司成长期间,我雇佣了一个我们认为非常聪明,可以和我一起经营公司的人。一年后,我们对公司未来的看法产生分歧,董事会站在了他的一边。于是,在我三十岁的时候,我出局了,很公开地出局了。我整个成年生活的焦点没了,这很要命。一开始的几个月我真的不知道该干什么。我觉得我让公司的前一代创建者们失望了,我把传给我的权杖给弄丢了。我与戴维德·帕珂德和鲍勃·诺埃斯见面,试图为这彻头彻尾的失败道歉。我败得如此之惨以至于我想要逃离硅谷。但有个东西在慢慢地叫醒我:我还爱着我从事的行业。这次失败一点儿都没有改变这一点。我被逐了,但我仍爱着我的事业。我决定重新开始。

当时我没有看出来,但现在发现事实证明“被苹果开除”是发生在我身上最好的事。成功的重担被重新起步的轻松替代,对任何事情都不再特别看重,这让我感觉如此自由,进入一生中最有创造力的阶段。接下来的五年,我创立了一个叫NeXT的公司,接着又建立了Pixar,然后与后来成为我妻子的女人相爱。Pixar出品了世界第一个电脑动画电影:“玩具总动员”,现在它已经是世界最成功的动画制作工作室了。 在一系列的成功运转后,苹果收购了NeXT,我又回到了苹果。

我非常确信,如果我没有被苹果炒掉,这些就都不会发生。

有些时候,生活会给你迎头一棒。不要丧失信心。我确信唯一让我一路走下来的是我对自己所做事情的热爱。你必须去找你热爱的东西,对工作如此,对你的爱人也是这样的。工作会占据你生命中很大的一部分,你只有相信自己做的是伟大的工作,你才能怡然自得。如果你还没有找到,那么就继续找,不要停。全心全意地找,当你找到时,你会知道的。就像任何真诚的关系,随着时间的流逝,只会越来越紧密。所以继续找,不要停。

我的第三个故事关于死亡。我17岁的时候读到过一句话“如果你把每一天都当作最后一天过,有一天你会发现你是正确的”。这句话给我留下了深刻的印象。从那以后,过去的33年,每天早上我都会对着镜子问自己:“如果今天是我的最后一天,我会不会做我想做的事情呢?”如果连着一段时间,答案都是否定的的话,我就知道我需要改变一些东西了。提醒自己就要死了是我遇见的最大的帮助,帮我作了生命中的大决定。因为几乎任何事——所有的荣耀、骄傲、对难堪和失败的恐惧——在死亡面前都会消隐,留下真正重要的东西。提醒自己就要死亡是我知道的最好的方法,用来避开担心失去某些东西的陷阱。你已经赤了,没有理由不听从于自己的心愿。

大约一年前,我被诊断出患了癌症。我早上七点半作了扫描,清楚地显示在我的胰腺有一个肿瘤。我当时都不知道胰腺是什么东西。医生们告诉我这几乎是无法治愈的,我还有三到六个月的时间。我的医生建议我回家,整理一切。在医生的辞典中,这就是“准备死亡”的意思。就是意味着把要对你小孩说十年的话在几个月内说完;意味着把所有东西搞定,尽量让你的家庭活得轻松一点;意味着你要说“永别”了。

我整日都想着那诊断书的事情。后来有天晚上我做了一个活切片检查,他们将一个内窥镜伸进我的喉咙,穿过胃,到达肠道,用一根针在我的胰腺肿瘤上取了几个细胞。我当时是被麻醉的,但是我的妻子告诉我,那些医生在显微镜下看到细胞的时候开始尖叫,因为发现这竟然是一种非常罕见的可用手术治愈的胰腺癌症。我做了手术,现在,我痊愈了。

是我最接近死亡的时候,我也希望是我未来几十年里最接近死亡的一次。这次死里逃生让我比以往只知道死亡是一个有用而纯粹书面概念的时候更确信地告诉你们,没有人愿意死,即使那些想上天堂的人们也不愿意通过死亡来达到他们的目的。但是死亡是每个人共同的终点,没有人能够逃脱。也应该如此,因为死亡很可能是生命最好的发明。它去陈让新。现在,你们就是“新”。但是有一天,不用太久,你们有会慢慢变老然后死去。抱歉,这很戏剧性,但却是真的。你们的时间是有限的,不要浪费在重复别人的生活上。不要被教条束缚,那意味着会和别人思考的结果一块儿生活。不要被其他人的喧嚣观点掩盖自己内心真正的声音。你的直觉和内心知道你想要变成什么样子。所有其他东西都是次要的。

我年轻的时候,有一份叫做《完整地球目录》的好杂志,是我们这一代人的圣经之一。那是六十年代后期,个人电脑出现之前,所以这份杂志全是用打字机、剪刀和偏光镜制作的。有点像软皮包装的google,不过却早了三十五年。它理想主义,全文充斥着灵巧的工具和伟大的想法。在完成使命之前,他们出版了最后一期。那是七十年代中期,我和你们差不多大。最后一期的封底是一张清晨乡村小路的照片,如果你有冒险精神,可以自己找到这条路。下面有一句话,“保持饥饿,保持愚蠢”。这是他们的告别语,“保持饥饿,保持愚蠢”。我常以此勉励自己。现在,在你们即将踏上新旅程的时候,我也希望你们能这样。保持饥饿,保持愚蠢。

演讲有些长,让人记忆犹新。你以为因为没有钱所以从大学退学是一件很让人接受不了的事情,可是乔布斯告诉你,如果不是因为退学,他不会学会那些字体并运用于后来的苹果电脑之上; 开创了苹果公司,价值20个亿,这对于多少人来说就是人生巅峰了吧,安稳,舒适,可以享受一下下半生的生活了,舒适区就此开始。可是他被出局了,我听他的演讲语气,坚信在开始他是有过懊恼、忧伤、失望,从最高峰一落千杖。此时的不安全感,不舒适感或者说饥饿感让他不得不再次创造新的生活,甚至在这段时期创建了美好的家庭。在他再次走上人生巅峰,又进入舒适区的时候,癌症的到来让他领悟到,人生的时间是有限的,不要浪费在重复别人的生活上。不要被教条束缚,那意味着会和别人思考的结果一块儿生活。不要被其他人的喧嚣观点掩盖自己内心真正的声音。你的直觉和内心知道你想要变成什么样子。所有其他东西都是次要的。

今天我想聊一聊带着我走出舒适区的一群人。

那时的我需要一个实习的企业,让我可以盖实习章(大家都懂的,实习报告盖章)。因为家人的关系,我进入一家事业单位实习,审计局旗下的会计师事务所。做为一名实习生,单位里也没有对我有什么要求,不过就是跑跑腿,复印一些文件而已。可我却在6个月的实习期里每天早上比别人早30分钟到办公室,打扫所有人的办公桌,包括我部门负责人的杯子洗刷。每天主动询问我可以遇见的所有人“我可以帮你做这个表吗?”。慢慢的,大家对于我这个实习生有了不一样的看法,我的工作越来越多,可我依然每天早上早到,当别人到的时候我已经开始一天的工作。

我爸找我聊过,如果我想有一份稳定的、看起来还不错的工作面试机会还是可以实现的,可能就是仗着自己家里的条件不算差,并不需要我养家糊口,所以我还是选择了最难走的一条路,自己出去创荡江湖。

如果那个出纳没有回老家结婚,如果我没有成为这家企业的出纳,可能就不会有现在的我了吧。“一切都是注定的”。

还能清楚的记得那年冬天,7个人都出去跑业务,我一个人在办公室里裹着军大衣守家守电话,一个人又要做出纳,又要做行政。从来没有认为我辛苦,因为我看到这群大哥哥们的身上充满热血,充满激情。每次回办公室,一个叫黎明的小哥哥都会给我带来一些红薯或者别的吃的。而我最喜欢的就是跟在那群大哥哥们的身后做一个小跟屁虫。

(BTW:这家事务所现在是江苏最大的会计师事务所和工程造价事务所之一,而7位我的“职场领路人”现在早已身价不斐,可如果没有当年的辞职,没有当年的逃离,他们现在会如何?或者继续做一名公务员也不错,也或者我的职业生涯也会改变。)

还记得点米科技还是谋士人才的时候,我们有着安稳的收入,稳定的大客户,在江苏发展迅速,每个人都感觉生活可能就会一直这么下去吧。可是我的老板周康康把大家召集起来,告诉我们:随着2013年底《劳务派遣暂行规定》的颁布,传统型劳务派遣必定受到影响,所以我们必须寻求出路!我们要转型!开始我们这群核心员工都还是不以为然,因为我们的大客户太多了,而且每月现金流极为稳定,但听了周康康一次又一次的公司内部演讲,我开始明白,我们必须走出舒适区!突破瓶颈,否则只会成为“衰落的老企业”。

还能记得在他的办公室,我们一群人无数次开会到深夜,他的白板上画了一个又一个图型,又擦掉。终于有一天,他对他画出的图形感到震惊,点米科技能做到的海陆空三军联盟,从哪些方面实现,上有全国社保通,下有人力资源社群,我还记得,最下方还标注了一个“秘密武器”。后来我明白,这可能就是他梦想中一键式解决你人力资源问题的“2号人事部”的理念图形。他说,我们会成功的!在阿里巴巴公司门口,他和穿着睡衣的夏里根的一张照片,至今在我的脑海里深深印刻。

公司从60多人到600人,从南京以及江苏地区发展到全国,最远甚至还有拉萨的同事。我们的业务一直在越做越好,而我在南京也越来越“舒适”,那时候的我已经经历了培训与咨询事业部、市场部到了人力资源部,2年内,3-4次变革,一次次的调整都结束了,再了不用每天加班,只需要监控子公司是否按既定的系统运行情况。我们的总裁周康康和副总裁英雄的焦二哥又找到了我。没错,这一次,他们说,你应该来深圳。

一个月后,37岁“职场高龄“的我站在了深圳的土地上,那一天发布的朋友圈,深圳机场,我一个人一个行李箱,说”深圳,我来了。“ 就这样一直呆到现在。每一次迷茫的时候脑子里都会出现焦二哥在我刚来的时候说的那段话 <span font-size:16px;"="">”BOBO,你要一直再呆在南京就是养老,没有什么可以再深入的,可是你到点米深圳这里,你会发挥你最大的价值,你可以使出你的全力,发挥你最大的潜能,深圳是一个开放的城市,我们开始了第三次创业,而你也会发现你会再一次突破自己。想想自己三年后会是什么样子?让现在的你为三年后的你努力!“ 这一番话深深打动了我,让我毅然决然的再一次逃离舒适区,再一次从零做起,不熟悉的城市、不熟悉的同事、不熟悉的工作职责,但我再一次用实力证明,I CAN I DO。

人生需要不断的突破自己,不断的挑战自我,我感谢我的父亲,没有强逼我去高速公路指挥中心做一名那个年代的“高薪“工作人员;我感谢我初入职场的7名大哥哥,他们第一次教会我 ”人是要突破自己的天花板,不逼自己一下,你真的不知道自己会有什么样的发展“; 我感谢周康康感谢焦二哥,没有他们一次两次的带领,也许我真的会陷入“职场中年危机”,也或者混死在那一小片井底,舒适而又安逸,我不会跳出井口看到更广阔的天地!

很多人说,BOBO石榴姐经常会给2号人事部代言。我想说没错!现在的我真正的从骨子里为这个产品感到骄傲,因为这是一群优秀的人一直在拼博在努力的结果!看着每天8点半、9点半、10:30甚至晚上11点半还在发版本的同事,内心抑制不住的澎湃,我坚信每一次微笑的背后是自己的勇敢付出,每一次看到阴影都应该明白,我的身后有阳光的照耀。

乔布斯教会我们思考的方式,“把每一天当成死亡的最后一天” 如果你有冒险精神,可以自己找到自己的道 路。“Stay hungry,stay foolish,这句话的中文版本也很多,最多的大概就是:饥渴求知,虚怀若愚。但这翻译更多的只是直译,而没有深入考虑乔布斯本身,而是从乔布斯本身经历来看,stay hungry stay foolish ,这样翻译更合适,即:追寻成功并永不满足,保持永远的好奇心与求知欲,走自己的路,让别人说去吧!我相信乔老爷子说的就是这个意思,stay hungry,保持我们的好奇心,对不同的东西深入研究一下。

stay foolish,真的不是“若愚”,而是“真愚”。对那些我们不熟悉的东西,保持好奇心,多去创新多去研究,这就是打破自己瓶颈的最佳方式,也是你突破舒适区最好的方式。

请常以此勉励自己。现在,在你们即将踏上新旅程的时候,我也希望你们能这样,加油!Stay hungry, stay foolish!

附上Stay hungry, stay foolish英文原文:

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

follow your heart
believe what you do
love what you do


Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle.

Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. 

 

 

 

From Stanford Report, June 14, 2005 

This is the text of the Commencement address by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios

Delivered on June 12, 2005.

 

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.

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